Christmas Tree Spraying
Mist Sprayers are commonly used to apply insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides in Christmas tree production. Christmas Tree growers have found that the AmeriBest''s Mist Sprayers to be more efficient than any other sprayer method. It is also much less expensive. You can reduce fungicide application rates by 30-35% and reduce insecticide application rates by 10 - 30% while retaining effectiveness. Because of the versatile nature and design of our Mist Sprayers, you can spray through foliage and reach those hard to reach areas!
Christmas Tree Diseases
Christmas trees are vulnerable to large scale infestations from various fungal pathogens. Common Diseases Include: Armillaria Root Rot, Coleosporium Needle Rust Of Pine, Cyclaneusma Needlecast, Cytospora Canker, Diplodia (Sphaeropsis) Tip Blight, Fir Fern Rust, Lophodermium Needlecast, Needle rust, Phytophthora Root Rot, Pine Pine Gall Rust, Pine-oak gall rust, Ploioderma Needlecast, Rhabdocline Needlecast, Rhizosphaera needlecast, Scleroderris Canker, Sphaeropsis tip blight, Swiss Needlecast, Weir''s Cushion Rust, White Pine Blister Rust.
Christmas Tree Insect Pests
Christmas trees are subject to attack by a number of insects and mites. Some are mainly nuisance pests while others can kill trees or severely reduce tree quality. The type, frequency and severity of insect attack normally varies with host, location and season, but virtually every Christmas tree planting will have some type of insect problem between establishment and harvest. Pests include:
Shoot, Limb and Trunk Pests: Allegany Mound Ant, Bark Beeltes, Black Turpentine Beetle, Common Pine Shoot BeetleBalsam, Cooley Spruce Gall Adelgid, Deodar Weevil, Dioryctria Spp, . Eastern Spruce Gall Adelgid, European Pine Sawfly, Hemlock Woolly Adelgid, Pales & Pitch-Eating Weevil, Pales Weevil, Pine Bark Adelgid, Pine Needle Scale, Pine Sawyers, Pine Shoot Beetle, Pine Tip Moths, Pine Tortoise Scale, Southern Pine Beetle, Western Conifer Seed Bug, White Pine Weevil, White Pine Weevil, Woolly Adelgid,
Defoliators: Bagworm, Blackheaded Pine Sawfly, Gypsy moth, Introduced Pine Sawfly, Pine Chafer, Pine Colaspis Pine Needle Midge, Pine Webworm, Redheaded Pine Sawfly, Sawflies, Virginia Pine Sawfly,
Sucking Insects: Aphids, Mites, Pine Needle Scale, Pine Root Collar Weevil, Pine Spittlebug, Pine Tortoise Scale, Saratoga Spittlebug.
Weed Control In Christmas Trees
Growers maintain ground covers that do not compete with the trees, which also prevent the growth of difficult-to-control weeds. Ground cover management is achieved with the use of both pre- and post-emergent herbicides. Herbicides are applied with air blast mistblowers to kill and control weeds and woody plants with,lower-than-labeled rates of post-emergent herbicides.
Weed types in Christmas tree cultivation vary from region to region. Weeds are considered a pest to Christmas tree farms for several reasons. Seedlings are vulnerable to the competition for water and nutrients presented by weed infestations, however, even established trees can be out competed by weed growth. Bracken fern can increase disease in fir trees, Canada thistle and wild blackberries infest growing areas, and weeds like poison oak and poison ivy greatly affect employees. Excessive weed growth can also provide cover for wildlife, such as deer, gopher and field mice, which can have damaging effects on Christmas tree crops.
Nursery and Greenhouse users are spraying trees, shrubs and container stock with application rates of 1/2 gallon to 40 gallons per acre without booms!
Foliar fertilization, a water soluble fertilizer that is sprayed on the foliage, may help small woody plants, especially plants that aren''t getting enough iron. Foliar feeding of trees is becoming more popular and is often used to correct any micronutrient deficiencies. Iron chlorosis is one of the most common micronutrient deficiencies, due to typically high soil pH values. Iron can be added anytime during the growing season, as it does not stimulate excessive growth but corrects a chlorotic (leaf yellowing symptom) condition.
A Michigan State College study has shown plants absorb nutrients not only through the roots, but also through the foliage, the fruit, the twigs, the trunk and even the flowers. Plants can absorb nutrients 8 to 10 times more efficiently through their leaf surfaces than through their roots. When applying nutrients to the leaf, the nutrients move through the stomata downward through the plant--at the rate of about a foot an hour. When applying nutrients to the leaves in soluble forms, as much as 95 percent of what is applied may be used by the plant. If a similar amount is applied to the soil about 10 percent of it is available. Foliar feeding is effective even on dormant plants and trees.
AmeriBest Mist Sprayers'' high and low volume mist sprayers create smaller mist size particles in a 0 to 140'' air stream that provides conditions for the best control and uniform coverage; Over, Under and Around plant foliage.